Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
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This is an incredibly silly thing to say, and This book had good points and bad points. This is an incredibly silly thing to say, and I am surprised a scientist of his caliber would do so. It's technically true, but it's not giving you any new information. Once you've accepted that there is only matter, and therefore all mental phenomena are created in the brain, then it is of course necessary that dreams be caused by an active brain. What bothered me particularly, was that he used this as proof against freud's theory of dreams being the subconscious trying to communicate cryptically.
They are not answering the same "why". If there is no better answer yet, don't pretend like this is one! I did t feel like I learned much more on dreams than what I could have gotten with a few well written news article titles. I was interested in his approach to dream structure rather than content. I also appreciated the fact that a few experiments and discoveries went against his original preconceptions. My notes while reading the book: Why are they so strange?
Why are they hard to remember? Will give scientific answers. How we perceive think and feel. Not content or interpretation.
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Formal vs content approach. Acceptance of the events as real despite their bizarreness. Type 1 and 2 can be explained by being the remained of brain activity. Type 3 needs an elaborate explanation.
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REM and brain activity. All people dream, but they often forget them if not waken at the time. Took info from other dream journals e. Home based reports the night cap to compare spontaneous awakening vs artificial one, all in natural settings. This generated a lot of reports.
Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science Most focused on content; Interpretation. Will take on psychoanalysis. Frued was a years too early, the technology of his age didn't permit him to undergo such studies. He was very speculative. Frued picked up the idea of distorted message in dreams and acted as a "high priest".
Called his ideas a religion. He retained an agency, brain-mind, ed-ego. No evidence to support it, but several against it. Selective rememberence of hits only. Very similar to delerium. Why memory is selective in dreaming.
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This has the potential to tell us a lot about how memory work and its functions. The failures of psychoanalysis to explain dreams. Absence of brain science at the time. Limited data about dreams, only 4 dream reports, all by him. Ignored ideas of David Hartley and Hermann Helmholtz. Sexual repression in dreams unrealistic as there are sexual dreams.
False memories and self fulfilling prophecies. Brain-mind isomorphism; for every mental state a corresponding similar, but not identical to brain state. How is the brain activated during sleep Dreams do not occur just before awakening nor are they mete responses to external stimuli; they are the result of a brain function.
History of the development of modern understanding of brain activity in sleep. Direct observation would have discoveted REM sleep long time ago. Technology wasn't the issue, it was their limited conception. Dream induction by mostly French scholars could have discovered it. EEG and sleep lab. Discovery of REM by a scientist who was doing experiments on infants and children. Stages 3 and 4 are where it is least likely to occur.
Changes in sleep while dreaming happen to brain activity, eye movement, heart rate, respiration and muscle tones. Halusinosis and lack of self reflection. As if the brain was activated in a partical selective way. Some people still lean toward brain-mind dissociation. REM is the best predictor of dreaming. Biology of sleep and dream science. Dream science moving from psychology to physiology. Freud didn't collect data or observe well. Now we have that. We can so to speak fulfill Freud's dream.
Cells and molecules of the dreaming brain Discovery of neurons and their function starting from s action potentials, neurotransmitters, synapses etc. Reflexive vs spontaneous neuronal activity. Depends on their consciousness. Their brains are active during sleep, the same type of activity as in human brains. They probably do dream. Doesn't include primitive mammals. Speculations on evolutionary advantage of REM sleeping.
Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction - J. Allan Hobson - Google Книги
It's spontaneous and originates from brain stem. Norepinephrine and seratonin inhibition during REM? The mind is not something else, it is not a spirit, it is not an independent entity, it is the self activated brain whose capacity for subjectivity remains to be explained, but whose form for subjectivity can now be understood.
The functions of brain activation while sleep Do babies dream? Since 30 weeks gestation. Helps with brain development. Language important for dreams.
Sleep benifits and sleep deprivation effects. Sleep deprivation studies on rats. Severe effects start from 2 weeks. Weight loss, despite eating. Capacity to regulate body temperature lost. Then at weeks they die, as they can't resist bacteria. We have a very strong tendency to sleep, which suggests it has a very important surcival value. Sleep important to regulate temperature. Brain activation during sleep has relation to thermal regulation. Only mammals have REM sleep, and only they have thermal regulation.
Reorganization of info in brain? Sleep refreshes our skills needed for survival. Disorders of dreaming Nightmares. Result from selective activation of negative feelings in brain. Partial activation of brain, enough to move, but not enough to wake up. The upper voluntary movement centers inactivated, but lower brain centers are activated. The movements are mechanical. Inacting of dreams in physical world.
Dreams as delerium Similar characteristics betweeb the two. Depression and REM sleep. This is a direct confirmation of the hypothesis. When some regions in brain are damaged dreaming is not conscious and when others are danaged it is not visual. Blind people who weren't blind from birth i. Other blind people get other hallucinations from other senses.
Dreaming learning and memory Procedural unconscious learning. Dream consciousness Alternative consciousness. Sponsored products related to this item What's this? Want to unlock your full potential? This mega-book will teach you the secrets to opening your third eye It's not your fault if you lack self-discipline. Discover simple habits and exercises to get disciplined and achieve your goals. Wide Awake and Dreaming: A Memoir of Narcolepsy. Julie Flygare was on an ambitious path to success when narcolepsy destroyed the neurological boundaries between dreaming and reality in her brain.
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There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. I enjoyed this great intro to the brain and dreaming. I've learned a lot about the history research on this topic but also how we have a long way to go.
Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction
One person found this helpful. I love this OUP series; it fills a nice niche and offers quick reads on important subjects. I have read several books in the series but was less pleased with this one than with the others. Dreaming is a facet of consciousness and consciousness is both highly controversial and one of the most highly challenging subjects of research. Some see consciousness as the essence of identity and the clearest evidence for the existence of the soul.
Others see it as a biochemical phenomenon that deludes us into believing in identity, the soul, etc. This is all further complicated by the advances in our understanding of the brain, one of the most important areas of research for the last two generations. Thus, what I wanted to see in this book was a grand synoptic summary of the issues and the manner in which multiple researchers have handled them.
That way tends more toward biological reductionism, though he expresses his orientation with humor, a little bit of tentativeness and some potential reverence. In effect, he says that the evidence is largely going in this direction and he believes that it will end there, but feel free to hold out a little hope for an alternative possibility.
Unlike many other readers I found the writing to be an impediment to understanding, though I recognize that he was trying to be as clear as possible. He gave instances of his own dreams, with simple illustrations and he provided pictures of the human brain with pertinent areas highlighted. It is an introduction to Dr. The targeted audience would be advanced undergraduate majors or graduate students in related fields.
His position centers on activation: What areas are activated? What areas are blocked? What is the biochemistry of these processes? The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. A Very Short Introduction J. His major research interests are the neurophysiological basis of the mind and behaviour; sleep and dreaming; and the history of neurology and psychiatry, with his most recent work focusing on the cognitive features and benefits of sleep.